A historic agreement was signed between Government of India, Governments of Tripura and Mizoram and Bru-Reang representatives in New Delhi on 7th January,2020 which ended the 23 year old Bru-Reang Refugee Crisis. Union Minister for Home Affairs, Mr Amit Shah presided over this signing of an agreement.

This historic agreement was signed between the Government of India, Governments of Tripura and Mizoram and Bru-Reang representatives in New Delhi. So, a long pending issue which was bothering the country has been resolved by the Modi2.0 government. The Bru-Reang refugees who were forced live a nomadic life without permanent settlement for decades, have been given a permanent settlement through this agreement.

Present on the occasion were Chief Minister of Mizoram, Shri Zoramthanga, CM of Tripura, Shri Biplab Kumar Deb, Chairman, NEDA, Shri Himanta Biswa Sarma, Chairman, TIPRA, Shri Pradyot Kishore Debbarma, representatives of Bru tribes, along with senior officers.

Under the new agreement, around 34,000 Bru refugees will be permanently settled in Tripura and would be given financial and infrastructure aid by Central govt for their over all development through a package of Rs. 600 crore. Bru-Reang people will also be able to enjoy the benefits of all social-welfare schemes of center and state governments. These Bru-Reang people would get all the rights that normal residents of the States get. Earlier, an agreement was signed in 2018 to send them back but it could not be fully implemented due to their protest.

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Key Highlights of Agreement

1. As per the agreement the Bru tribes would be given land to reside in Tripura and Tripura state government will provide land for residential settlement.

2. Each of the displaced families will be given 40×30 sq ft residential plots.

In addition to the aid under earlier agreement

3. A fixed deposit of Rs. 4 lakh will be given to each family as an amount of government aid. They will be able to withdraw this amount after two years.

4. Apart from them, each family will also be given Rs. 5,000 cash per month for two years.

5. Each displaced family will also be given free ration for two years and aid of Rs. 1.5 lakh to build their houses.

What is Bru-Reang Refugee Crisis?

In 1997, roughly half the Bru population fled to Tripura, following violent clashes with the Mizo population, which led to the Brus’ demand for an Autonomous District Council (ADC), under the 6th Schedule of the Constitution, in western Mizoram, where they were the more dominant lot, outnumbering the ethnic Mizo population.

Around 5,000 families comprising around 30,000 Bru-Reang tribals were forced to flee Mizoram and seek shelter in Tripura. These people were housed in temporary camps at Kanchanpur, in North Tripura.

The GoI has been making several efforts for permanent rehabilitation of Bru-Reang since 2010. Two state governments, Tripura and Mizoram, were in a continuous process for settling them down through a permanent solution. Around 1622 Bru-Reang refugee families were returned to the Mizoram.

On 3rd July, 2018, an agreement was signed between the Union government, the two State governments and representatives of Bru-Reang refugees. As a result of which the aid given to these families was increased substantially. Subsequently, 328 families comprising of 1369 individuals returned to Mizoram under the agreement.

There had been a sustained demand of most Bru-Reang families that they may be allowed to settle down in Tripura, considering their apprehensions about their security.So, this historic agreement lastly ended to the 23 year old Bru-Reang Refugee Crisis.


The Brus–spread across Tripura, Mizoram and parts of southern Assam–are the most populous tribe in Tripura. They are also known as Reangs in the state. They are ethnically different from the Mizos, with their own distinct language and dialect and form one of the 21 scheduled tribes of Tripura.

While Mizoram has as many as 40,000 Brus living in the state, in Tripura, their numbers stand at approximately 34,000, spread across six refugee camps in the state.

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