Doug Hurley and Bob Behnken, the two astronauts name SpaceX spaceship capsule as ‘Endeavour’. These two astronauts are involved in NASA SpaceX’s Demo-2 mission which created history as for the first time, NASA astronauts have launched from American soil in a commercially built and operated American crew spacecraft on its way to the International Space Station. SpaceX is a private company of Elon Musk.
The two astronauts revealed the new name of their SpaceX Crew Dragon capsule during a live broadcast from Earth orbit about three hours after they lifted off from NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida. The capsule is originally called as ‘Capsule 206 but both the astronauts decided to change it to “Endeavour”.
Why Astronauts name SpaceX spaceship capsule as ‘Endeavour’?
Doug Hurley and Bob Behnken gave two reasons for it.
- They named it ‘Endeavour’ because it was a little more personal for both of them. They had their first flights on shuttle Endeavour. The Endeavour was one of the three space shuttles of NASA which retired in 2011.
- The retirement of NASA’s Space Shuttle fleet took place between March and July 2011. The first of the three active Space Shuttles to be retired was Discovery on March 9, 2011, then Endeavour on June 1 and lastly, Atlantis on July 21, 2011, the end of 30 years space shuttle program.
- They renamed it because of the incredible endeavor [that] NASA, SpaceX and the United States have been on since the end of the space shuttle program back in 2011. The space agency’s commercial crew program led up to orbital launch, the first in nine years from a U.S. launchpad and the first-ever by a commercial company. So, it was a great endeavour.
Now, there is a tradition that dates back to the early U.S. space program, the crew’s decision to christen their capsule. So both the astronauts followed the tradition of their ancestors.
The Mercury astronauts were the first to give names to their capsules, beginning with Alan Shepard’s “Freedom 7” (the seven being in reference to the pilots being collectively known as the “Mercury 7”).
SpaceX has created history as for the first time, NASA astronauts have launched from American soil in a commercially built and operated American crew spacecraft on its way to the International Space Station. The astronauts Robert Behnken and Douglas Hurley lifted off at 3:22 p.m. EDT Saturday on SpaceX’s Falcon 9 rocket from NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida. The astronauts were lifted from pad 39A, the historic site from which the crew of Apollo 11 left for the moon.
This mission is the final major test before NASA’s Commercial Crew Program certifies Crew Dragon for operational, long-duration missions to the space station.
As this mission is the final test flight of SpaceX, it will validate every aspect of its crew transportation system, including the Crew Dragon spacecraft, spacesuits, Falcon 9 launch vehicle, launch pad 39A and operations capabilities.
Crew Dragon will be able to launch as many as four crew members at a time and carry more than 220 pounds of cargo for operational missions.
The Crew Dragon being used for this test flight can stay in orbit for about 110 days. The operational Crew Dragon spacecraft will be capable of staying in orbit for at least 210 days as a NASA requirement.